Upper and Lower G.I Malignancies

The upper GI tract and the lower GI tract, starts with the mouth and ends with the anus (rectum).
The upper GI tract is generally considered to be the mouth, esophagus, etc and lower GI tract runs from the small intestine to the large intestine to the anus.


Signs and Symptoms Upper and Lower G.I Malignancies-
Symptoms of gastrointestinal cancers don’t occur until the tumor has become more advanced. Then, they depend on the type of cancer.
Patients with esophageal cancer may have difficulty swallowing, whereas those with gastric cancer will notice ulcer-like symptoms.
Liver cancer and pancreatic cancer can also lead to abdominal pain, and colorectal cancer—as you might expect—causes changes in bowel function or bleeding.

Treatment Options​

When the tumor is easy to reach, surgery might be all that’s necessary.
When it’s harder to reach or its removal would significantly affect gastrointestinal function.
The chemotherapy, radiation therapy or targeted therapy may be tried first.
Surgery involves complete removal of the tumor, along with surrounding tissue. To restore function of the esophagus or stomach, a procedure called anastomosis may be performed to connect the remaining healthy portions of the organ.