Male and Female Genitourinary Malignancies

Genitourinary cancers refer to cancers of the urinary system of men and women and the reproductive organs in men. Women also develop cancer in their reproductive organs, which are classified as gynecologic cancers.
Urinary cancers are diseases that form when abnormal cells grow in the prostate, bladder, kidney, adrenal gland, urethra, or other parts of the urinary tract system.

Symptoms

Signs and Symptoms Male and Female Genitourinary Malignancies –
The most common symptoms for this genitourinary cancer type are:
Prostate Cancer
*Inability and difficulty starting urination
*Painful or burning urination
*Blood in urine or semen
*Painful ejaculation
*Area of back, hips, or upper thighs stiff and painful
Testes Cancer
*Pain in the testes or scrotum
*Scrotum has a heavy feel
*Lower belly or groin has dull pain or pressure
*Both or one of the testes has a lump or swelling
Penile Cancer
*Reddish rash
*Small, crusty bumps
*Open sore that doesn’t heal
*Swelling or skin change of the penis

Treatment Options​

Depending on the stage of the disease and other factors, treatment options can include one and possibly a combination of the following:
*Surgery
*Radiation therapy
*Chemotherapy
*Targeted therapies
It is critical for a patient to first discuss all treatment options as well as possible side effects with the medical team.